NURS 6052 Week 2 Assignment: Impact of High Blood Pressure

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NURS 6052 Week 2 Assignment: Impact of High Blood Pressure essay assignment

Cardiovascular diseases have become a common issue in the present times. However, one of the most prevalent cardiovascular diseases is high blood pressure. As blood is pumped from the heart through the arteries to other body organs, it is necessary to maintain a particular level of pressure that should sustain the flow while at the same time aligning to the capacity of the blood vessels. When this pressure exceeds the pressure that the blood vessels can support, this could be devastating to both the blood vessels and the organs that receive this blood. In return, this affects the distribution of vital body requirements such as oxygen and nutrients. There are various studies that focus on this problem and more so due to its relevance in the healthcare sector. While many of these focus on particular at-risk groups, very few studies explore the overall issues pertaining the problem including causes, risk factors, interventions, prevention, and secondary illnesses.

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At the same time, the prevalence and risk factors of the disease may vary from time to time, which calls for a continuous update of the studies in order to identify the positioning of the problem at every one time. This impacts clear roles of nursing practice that have been established many years ago that center around patient education of hypertension management. “The role of nurses has been recognized for nearly 50 years in public and professional education to improve hypertension control promoted by the US National High Blood Pressure Education Program’s Joint National Committee reports and other publications” (Himmelfarb, Mensah, & Hill 2016, para. 4). In an attempt to develop a clear understanding of the problem, this paper will develop a plan that will help in exploring various recent studies discussing various specific aspects of high blood pressure and consolidate the discussions into a single comprehensive document.

Significance of the problem

High blood pressure has become a common problem especially for the young and middle-aged. In this case, high blood pressure is responsible for at least 12% of the total annual mortalities around the world (Bromfield & Muntner, 2013). However, the prevalence of the disease may vary from place to place as well as from one population to another. According to Joffres, Falaschetti, Gillespie, Robitaille … Campbell (2013), more than 75 million Americans, which represents 29% of the total US population, suffers from high blood pressure. While this may be a major problem amongst the general population, races such as the non-Hispanic whites are at relatively higher risks of getting high blood pressure (Lackland, 2014). Unfortunately, some of these studies take a long time before their results are availed to the public. At the same time, the causes and risk factors may keep on changing from time to time. As reported by Lindsay, Connor, Joffres, Birtwhistle … Cloutier (2013), the lifestyle of that people lead at the present age has changed drastically from the lifestyles that they led a decade or two ago. Coincidentally, high blood pressure is one of the most common lifestyle diseases (Diaz & Shimbo, 2013). As a result, it is necessary to constantly update the prevalence, causes, risk factors, and the interventions available for the disease. This will then help the public to understand how to address the problem. NURS 6052 Week 2 SAMPLE Assignment

There is a need to develop comprehensive results detailing every aspect of high blood pressure. It is evident that researchers have accorded high blood pressure the attention that it deserves. In this case, a simple search on various catalogs avails a large number of articles and books discussing various issues regarding the disease. Unfortunately, a simple analysis of the results indicates that most of these studies focus on a particular area rather than the whole problem. This leaves a lot of gaps in the results. While it may be important to generate the specific results as a way of creating a more meaningful understanding of that particular area, it is equally necessary to consolidate all the aspects of the disease. For instance, it is necessary to avail information regarding both the risk factors and the prevention at the same time in order to create the best impact. If this study is accomplished, it will thus be of high significance to the healthy population, patients with high blood pressure, health practitioners and caregivers, and the wider health sector.

Research questions

A number of research questions have been developed in order to help in exploring the problem. However, some of the most significant questions and a description of their feasibility will be discussed in this section. NURS 6052 Week 2 SAMPLE Assignment

What are the risk factors for high blood pressure?
This is an important research question for this paper. In this case, it helps in identifying the things that make people susceptible to high blood pressure. As discussed by Tespaye, Byass & Wall (2009), for example, being middle-aged puts one at a higher risk of getting high blood pressure than it is the case for the elderly. At the same time, a group such as the non-Hispanic Whites in the US is at a relatively higher risk than the African Americans (Lackland, 2014). There is a lot of data regarding the risk factors, which means that this will be important while studying the problem.

What are the causes of high blood pressure?
There are various causes of high blood pressure. While many studies have developed a set of causes regarding the disease, it is difficult to identify one that explores all the possible causes. As such, this area may need more focus as a way of developing a better understanding.

How prevalent is high blood pressure and how does it vary?
High blood pressure is highly prevalent. As discussed earlier, however, this prevalence may vary from place to place as well as from one group to another. As such, exploring the prevalence from various regions may be important in order to generate results that best represent the general population.

What interventions are available for high blood pressure and which are the most appropriate?
Various interventions exist regarding the disease. However, they may work differently for different groups. While most of these interventions are often generalized, it may be important to illustrate how well each of them works and to which group.

How does one know when they have high blood pressure?
It is important to discuss the diagnosis of the disease. Similar to other diseases, high blood pressure has a number of signs and symptoms that one can evaluate to determine its existence as well as other laboratory tests that could be done to generate a better conclusion.

Pico question

This study will focus on the middle-aged as the population of the study. At the same time, the paper will also focus on a change of lifestyle as the intervention of the disease. The expected outcome revolves around a decline or rise in the risk factors of high blood pressure. In this paper, this will be represented by the chances of the disease. The following PICO question will thus guide this study.

Does a change of lifestyle determine the chances of high blood pressure amongst the middle-aged population?

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